How to Change a Flat Tire: A Complete Guide

Changing a flat tire is an essential skill that every driver should possess.

It can happen to anyone, anywhere, and being prepared will save you from the inconvenience of waiting for roadside assistance.

In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the step-by-step process of changing a flat tire, ensuring that you are back on the road in no time.


Before attempting to change a flat tire, there are a few essential items that you should gather:

  1. Jack
  2. Lug wrench
  3. Fully inflated spare tire
  4. Vehicle owner’s manual
  5. Flashlight with working batteries
  6. Rain poncho
  7. Small cut of 2″x6” wood to secure the jack
  8. Gloves
  9. Wheel wedges

Make sure these items are readily available in your vehicle. If any of these items are missing, it is crucial to replace them as soon as possible. Additionally, regularly check the air pressure of your spare tire to ensure it is properly inflated.

Changing a Car Tyre Step by Step

Assuming you have everything you need, you can now follow this step by step guide to change your tyre quickly and safely if you feel comfortable and able.

The key is not to rush, and to make sure you have fully understood every step before you go ahead.

Find a Safe Location

When you realize you have a flat tire, it is important to find a safe location to change it. Follow these steps:

  1. Slowly reduce your speed and scan your surroundings for a level, straight stretch of road with a wide shoulder.
  2. If possible, find an empty parking lot or a safe area away from traffic.
  3. Avoid changing your tire on a narrow shoulder or near oncoming traffic to prevent accidents.

Remember, safety should always be your top priority when changing a flat tire.

Turn on Hazard Lights and Apply Parking Brake

As soon as you park your vehicle in a safe location, it is essential to turn on your hazard lights. This will alert other drivers and ensure your visibility on the side of the road. Additionally, engage the parking brake to prevent your vehicle from rolling.

Apply Wheel Wedges

Car Wheel Wedges

To further secure your vehicle and prevent it from rolling, place wheel wedges in front of or behind the tires. If you are changing a rear tire, position the wheel wedges in front of the front tires. If your flat tire is at the front, place the wheel wedges behind the rear tires. Ensure that the wheel wedges are large enough to stop the car from rolling.

Remove the Hubcap or Wheel Cover

Before lifting the vehicle with the jack, you may need to remove the hubcap or wheel cover. Some vehicles have hubcaps that cover the lug nuts. Use the flat end of your lug wrench to remove the hubcap, following the specific instructions in your owner’s manual.

Loosen the Lug Nuts

With the hubcap removed, you can now proceed to loosen the lug nuts. Attach the lug wrench to the lug nuts and turn them counterclockwise until you break their resistance. If the lug nuts are tight, you may need to use your foot or exert more force. Loosen the lug nuts about ¼ to ½ a turn, but do not remove them completely.

Place the Jack Under the Vehicle

Locate the proper jack points on your vehicle, usually indicated in the owner’s manual. Position the jack under the vehicle frame, ensuring that it is stable and secure. Use the handle of the jack to raise the vehicle until the flat tire is about six inches above the ground. Never place any part of your body under the vehicle during or after raising it with the jack.

Unscrew the Lug Nuts

Remove Lug Nut from Car Wheel

Now that the vehicle is raised, you can proceed to remove the lug nuts completely. Use the lug wrench to unscrew the lug nuts by turning them counterclockwise. Since you have already loosened them, you should be able to unscrew them by hand.

Remove the Flat Tire

Gripping the tire by the treads, gently pull it towards you until it is completely free from the hub behind it. Set the flat tire aside, ensuring that it doesn’t roll away.

Mount the Spare Tire

Take the spare tire and align the rim with the lug bolts. Push the tire gently until the lug bolts show through the rim.

Tighten the Lug Nuts by Hand

Place the lug nuts back on the lug bolts and tighten them all the way by hand. Once all the lug nuts are on, check each one again, tightening as much as possible. You will tighten them further with the lug wrench after lowering the vehicle to the ground.

Lower the Vehicle and Tightening the Lug Nuts

Use the jack to lower the vehicle until the spare tire is resting on the ground but the full weight of the vehicle isn’t fully on the tire. At this point, use the lug wrench to tighten the lug nuts, turning clockwise, as much as you can. Apply firm pressure to ensure they are secure.


Changing a flat tire may initially seem daunting, but with the right tools and knowledge, it is a straightforward process.

By following these step-by-step instructions, you can confidently tackle a flat tire situation and get back on the road safely. Remember to have your vehicle inspected by a professional if needed and replace the spare tire as soon as possible. Stay safe and always be prepared for any unexpected situations on the road.

Please note that this guide is for informational purposes only and should not substitute professional advice or assistance. Always use caution and follow the guidelines provided by your vehicle’s manufacturer.